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Fertility Treatments For Women

Methods include ways to preserve fertility as well as carry a pregnancy safely. Our specialists will explain which options may be helpful in your situation:

Embryo Freezing

woman

  • Most proven method of fertility preservation for women
  • Ovaries hormonally stimulated to produce multiple eggs
  • Eggs removed and fertilized in laboratory with sperm from partner or donor – a process called in vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Embryos created by IVF frozen for future use, may be kept frozen indefinitely

Egg Freezing

  • Ovaries stimulated as in IVF
  • Eggs removed and frozen without fertilization
  • May be appropriate for women who do not want to use donor sperm
  • Pregnancy rates from frozen eggs are slightly lower than from frozen embryos

Ovarian Tissue Freezing

  • Highly experimental
  • Ovarian tissue removed, frozen, then implanted later to develop eggs
  • Eggs then removed, fertilized and re-implanted
  • Worldwide, only a few babies have been born from this method

Ovarian Shielding

  • Reduces damage to ovaries and eggs during radiation treatment by placing special shields over area of pelvis not receiving radiation

Ovarian Transposition

  • Surgically moves ovaries away from area being radiated
  • May cause loss of ovarian function

Fertility-Sparing Surgery

  • Certain gynecologic cancers may be removed with surgical approaches that retain reproductive function – Avoids full hysterectomy, which would end ability to become pregnant

Other Options

  • If cancer treatment damages ovaries, donor eggs or donor embryos can be used
  • A gestational surrogate may be an option if you cannot carry a pregnancy after cancer treatment

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Fertility Preservation